Lecture—2 hours; discussion—1 hour; film viewing—3 hours; extensive writing. Critical and theoretical approaches to the emergence of new technologies since the invention of photography. Examine various approaches to media (formalist, semiotic, structuralist, Frankfurt School, cybernetics, visual and gamer theory). (Same course as Science and Technology Studies 151.) GE credit: AH or SS, OL, VL, WE.